What is PCOS?

PCOS is a condition characterised by the imbalance of male and female sex hormones, which results in anovulation (no eggs mature in menstrual cycle with resulting infertility), irregular periods, absence of periods, acne, excessive male type hair growth and obesity.

What are long term consequences of PCOS?

Infrequent periods (less than 2 in 6 months) increase the risk of overgrowth of the inner lining of the womb and potentially lead to endometrial cancer. PCOS increases the risk of high blood pressure and increased cholesterol which are risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. It also increases the risk of developing diabetes. You will need long term follow up with a GP, and sometimes an endocrinologist and dietitian to prevent the complications mentioned above.

How is PCOS diagnosed?

There are clinical criteria that include symptoms, biochemical blood markers and ultrasound findings.

How is PCOS treated?

Lifestyle changes are very important. It has been shown that if overweight, losing 5% of your body mass may restore ovulation and symptoms will improve.

If infertility is a problem and pregnancy desired, medications can be prescribed to trigger ovulation.

If pregnancy is not desired, hormonal methods are used to protect the inner lining of the womb from precancerous and cancerous changes.

Do you need an appointment?

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